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The U.S. Army Medical Department Regiment History
The U.S. Army Medical Department was formed on 27 July, 1775, when the Continental Congress authorized a Medical Service for an army of 20,000 men. It created the Hospital Department and named Dr. Benjamin Church of Boston as Director General and Chief Physician. On 14 April, 1818 the Congress passed an Act which reorganized the staff departments of the Army. The Act provided for a Medical Department to be headed by a Surgeon General. Dr. Joseph Lovell, appointed Surgeon General of the United States Army in April 1818, was the first to hold this position in the new organization. The passage of this law marks the beginning of the modern Medical Department of the United States Army.
Throughout its early history, the size and mission of the U.S. Army Medical Department would wax and wane in response to military events around the world. There was, however, no formal regimental organization until World War I. Then, in the late 1950s, the brigade replaced the regiment as a tactical unit. In the reorganization that followed, some Army units lost their identity--their lineage--their history. This loss did not go unnoticed and the U.S. Army Regimental System was created in 1981 to provide soldiers with continuous identification with a single regiment. Department of the Army Regulation 600-82, The U.S. Army Regimental System, states the mission of the regiment is to enhance combat effectiveness through a framework that provides the opportunity for affiliation, develops loyalty and commitment, fosters a sense of belonging, improves unit esprit, and institutionalizes the war-fighting ethos.
The U.S. Army Medical Department Regiment was activated on 28 July, 1986, during ceremonies at Fort Sam Houston, in San Antonio, Texas, the "Home of Army medicine". Lieutenant General Quinn H. Becker, the U.S. Army Surgeon General and AMEDD Regimental Commander, was the reviewing officer. He was joined by general officers of the U.S. Army Reserves and the Army National Guard, representing the significant contributions and manpower of the reserve forces in the Total Army concept.
This web site been designed to provide you with useful information about the U.S. Army Medical Department (AMEDD) Regiment. Through this web site, you will learn the history of the AMEDD Regiment, the symbolism behind our heraldic items, how to wear the Regimental Distinctive insignia, and various programs available to you and your unit.
The Office of the AMEDD Regiment is located in Aabel Hall, Building 2840, on Fort Sam Houston, Texas. The Regimental staff can provide further information pertaining to the history of the Army Medical Department, the AMEDD Regiment and assist with any of the services described in this web page.
For additional information please contact the Army Medical Department Regimental Office at the following address:
The telephone number is Commercial (210) 221-8455 or DSN 471-8455. The fax number is 8697.